Whole Body Vibration—Research

Disclaimer: BodyVibe is not intended to diagnose, treat or cure any disease. The studies referenced herein this web site are provided for general information only. These independent studies reference the years of research into Whole Body Vibration exercise and training and their research is independent of the vibration machine technology. These studies have not been evaluated by the FDA.

While the use of vibration exercise and training is a still relatively new concept to most health , fitness and medical professionals, a wide body of supportive clinical research exists substantiating its potential long term value in human health and performance. Much more research needs to be done in this area, but the overwhelming consistency of findings from scientific research that currently exists is a compelling precursor to the vibration machine’s potential applications and impact on this revolutionary method of training and exercise.

The following published scientific studies, support some of the benefits for Whole Body Vibration enhanced exercise technology, including enhanced muscle strength, improved bone health, hormone balancing, better circulation and pain reduction.

1. Performance

  • Bosco C., Cardinale M., & Tsarpela O. (1999) Influence of vibration on mechanical power and electromyogram activity in human arm flexor muscles. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 79, 306-311
  • Bosco C., Cardinale M., Colli R., Tihanyi J., von Duvillard S.P. & Viru A. (1999) The influence of whole body vibration on the mechanical behavior of skeletal muscle. Clinical Physiology, 19, 183-187
  • Bosco C., Cardinale M., Tsarpela O. & Locatelli E. (1999) New trends in training science: The use of vibrations for enhancing performance. New Studies in Athletics, 4 (14), 55-62
  • Bosco C., Colli R., Introini E., Cardinale M., Tsarpela O., Madella A., Tihanyi J. & Viru A. (1999) Adaptive responses of human skeletal muscle to vibration exposure. Clinical Physiology,19, 183-187
  • Hinman M. Whole Body Vibration: a new exercise approach. Department of Physical Therapy. The University of Texas Medical Branche.
  • Humphries B. & Warman G. The assessment of vibromyographical signals in the time and frequency domains during a fatigue protocol. The School of Health and Human Performance, Central Queensland University.
  • Issurin V.B. & Tenenbaum G. (1999). Acute and residual effects of vibratory stimulation on explosive force in elite and amateur athletes. Journal of Sports Sciences, 17,177-182.
  • Mester J. (2001). Knocken und Muskel, neue Welte, Vibrationsbelastung und Vibrationstraining im Spitzensport, Interdisciplinair Kongress mit Workshop: Radiologische Osteoporosediagnostik. Berlin, 1-3/11/2001.
  • Nishihihira, Y. Iwasaki T., Hatta, A., Wasaka T., Kaneda T., Kuroiwa K., Akiyama S., Kida, T. & Ryol K.S. (2002). Effect of whole body vibration stimulus and voluntary contraction on motoneuron pool. Japan Society of Exercise and Sports Physiology, Tsukuba, 83-86.
  • Polonyova A. & Hlavacka F. (2001). Human Postural Responses to Different Frequency Vibrations.
  • Rittweger J. Schiessl H. & Felsenberg D. (2001). Oxygen uptake during Whole Body Vibration exercise comparison with squatting as a slow voluntary movement. European Journal of Applied Physiology 86, 169-173.
  • Rittweger J., Beller G. & Felsenberg D. (2000). Acute physiological effects of exhaustive whole-body vibration exercise in man. Clinical Physiology, 20, 134-142.
  • Rittweger J., Ehrig J., Just K., Mutschelknauss M., Kirsch K.A. (2002). Oxygen uptake in Whole-Body Vibration Exercise Influence of vibration frequency, amplitude and external load. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 23, 428-432.
  • Rittweger J., Mutschelknauss M. & Felsenberg D. (2003). Acute changes in neuromuscular excitability after exhaustive whole body vibration exercise as compared to exhaustion by squatting exercise. Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging, 23(2), 81-86.
  • Ruiter C.J. de , Linden R.M. van der, Zijden M.J.A. van der, Hollander A.P. & Haan A. de (2003). Short-term effects of whole-body vibration on maximal voluntary isometric knee extensor force and rate of force rise. European Journal of Applied Physiolology (88), 472–475.
  • Torvinen S. Kannus P., Sievänen H., Järvinen T.A.H., Pasanen M., Kontulainen S., Järvinen T.L.N., Järvinen M., Oja P. & Vuori I. (2002). Effect of four-month vertical whole body vibration on performance and balance. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 34 (9), 1523-1528.
  • Torvinen S. Kannus P., Sievänen H., Järvinen T.A.H., Pasanen M., Kontulainen S., Järvinen T.L.N., Järvinen M., Oja P. & Vuori I. (2002). Effect of vibration exposure on muscular performance and body balance. Randomized cross-over study. Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging, 22, 145-152.
  • Tylee, M., Popovic M. R., Yu, S. & Craven C. Human Responses to Vibration Therapy.

2. Weight Loss 

  • Cristi-Montero C1, Cuevas MJ, Collado PS. (2013). Whole-body vibration training as complement to programs aimed at weight loss. Nutr Hosp, 28(5), 1365-71. doi: 10.3305/nh.2013.28.5.6656.
  • Maddalozzo GF1, Iwaniec UT, Turner RT, Rosen CJ, Widrick JJ. (2008). Whole-body vibration slows the acquisition of fat in mature female rats. Int J Obes (Lond) 32(9), 1348-54. doi: 10.1038/ijo.2008.111.
  • Vissers et al. (2010). Effect of Long-Term Whole Body Vibration Training on Visceral Adipose Tissue: A Preliminary Report. Obes Facts 3(2), 93–100.

3. Hormonal Response

  • Bosco C., Jacovelli M., Tsarpela O., Cardinale M., Bonifazi M., Tihanyi J., Viru M., de Lorenzo A. & Viru A. (2000) Hormonal responses to whole-body vibration in men. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 81, 449-454
  • Cardinale M. & Lim J. (2003). Electromyography Activity of Vastus Lateralis Muscle During Whole-Body Vibrations of Different Frequencies. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 17(3), 621–624.
  • Cardinale, M. (2002). The effects of vibration on human performance and hormonal profile. The Semmelweis University Doctoral School. Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Budapest.
  • Carroll, T.J. Riek S & Carson R.G. (2002). Neural Adaptation induced by resistance training in humans. Journal of Physiology, 544.2, 641-652.
  • Delecluse C., Roelants M. & Verschueren S. (2003). Strength increase after whole body vibration compared with resistance training. Official Journal of the American College of Sports Medicine, 1033-1041.
  • Giunta, M., M. Cardinale, F. Agosti, A. Patrizi, E. Compri, A. E. Rigamonti, and A. Sartorio. (2012). Growth Hormone-Releasing Effects of Whole Body Vibration Alone or Combined with Squatting Plus External Load in Severely Obese Female Subjects. Obes Facts 5 (4), 567–74. doi:10.1159/000342066.
  • McGee-Lawrence ME1, et al. (2017). Whole-body vibration mimics the metabolic effects of exercise in male leptin receptor deficient mice. Endocrinology, doi: 10.1210/en.2016-1250. [Epub ahead of print]
  • Sartorio, A., F. Agosti, A. De Col, N. Marazzi, F. Rastelli, S. Chiavaroli, C. L. Lafortuna, S. G. Cella, and A. E. Rigamonti. (2011). Growth Hormone and Lactate Responses Induced by Maximal Isometric Voluntary Contractions and Whole-Body Vibrations in Healthy Subjects. J Endocrinol Invest 34 (3), 216–21. doi:10.3275/7255.

4. Blood circulation

  • Kerschan-Schindl K., Grampp S., Henk C., Resch H., Preisinger E., Fialka-Moser V.& Imhof H. (2001). Whole-body vibration exercise leads to alterations in muscle blood volume. Clinical Physiology, 21, 377-382.

5. Pain management

  • Biomechanische Stimulation nach Nazarov, Schwingungen zur Behandlung vielfältigen Krankheitsbilder. Betherda news, 1997,1-3.
  • Brumagne S., Cordo P., Lysens R., Verschueren S. & Swinnen S. (2000) The Role of Paraspinal Muscle Spindles in Lumbosacral Position Sense in Individuals with and without Low back pain. Spine, 25 (8), 989-994. PDF=ABSTRACT
  • Gianutsos J. G., Ahn J.H., Oakes L.C., Richter E. F., Grynbaum B.B. & Thistle H.G. (2000). The effects of Whole Body Vibration on reflex-induced standing in persons with chronic and acute Spinal Cord Injury. New York School of Medicine at the AAPMR.
  • Gianutsos J.G., Oakes L.C., Prufer N., Kramskii V., Richter E.F. & Hutchinson M. (2000). Use of a therapeutic ranging/exercise program in the rehabilitation of a person with progressive supranuclear palsy.
  • Rittweger J., Karsten J., Kautzsch K., Reeg P., & Felsenberg D. (2002). Treatment of chronic lower back pain with lumbar extension and whole body vibration exercise a randomized controlled trial. Spine, 27 (17), 1829-1834.

6. Bone density

  • Bruyere O., Wuidart M.A. et al. (2003) Presentation: Controlled whole body vibrations improve health related quality of life in elderly patients. Orlando, FL: American College of Rheumatology: 2003 meeting, October 23-28, 2003: Abstract 1271.
  • Bruyere O., Wuidart M.A., di Plama E., Gourlay M., Ethgen O., Richy F. & Reginster J.Y. (?) Controlled whole body vibrations to decrease fall risk and improve health related quality of life in elderly patients.
  • Falempin M. & In-Albon S.F. (1999). Influence of brief daily tendon vibration on rat soleus muscle in non weight bearing situation. Journal of Applied Physiology 87 (1), 3-9.
  • Flieger J., Karachalios T., Khaldi L., Raptou P. & Lyritis G. (1998). Mechanical stimulation in the form of vibration prevents postmenopausal bone loss in ovariectomized rats. Calcified Tissue International, 63, 510-514.
  • Hannan M.T., Rubin C.T., Cheng D. M., Swift C., Green E., Ryaby J. & D.P. Kiel. A pilot study to determine daily compliance of elderly women enrolled to stand on a low-level vibration platform system to treat osteoporosis.
  • Loon J. W. A. van, Veldhuijzen J. P. & Burger E. H. (1996). Bone And Spaceflight: an Overview. In Biological and Medical Research in Space, Edt D. moore, P. Bie and H. Oser. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, Chapter 5, 259-299.
  • Rubin C., Turner S. A., Bain S. Mallinckrodt C. & McLeod K. (2001). Anabolism Low mechanical strenghten long bones. Nature 412, 603-604.
  • Rubin C., Xu G. & Judex S. (2001). Anobolic activity of bone tissue, suppressed by disuse, is normalized by brief exposure to extremely low magnitude mechanical stimuli. The FASEB Journal, 15, 2225-2229.
  • Rubin, C., Recker R., Cullen D., Ryaby J., McCabe J. & McLeod K. (2004). Prevention of Postmenopausal Bone Loss by a Low Magnitude, High-Frequency Mechanical Stimuli: A Clinical Trial Assessing Compliance, Efficacy, and Safety. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, 19 (3), 343-351.
  • Rubin, C., Pope M., Fritton, C., Magnusson, M., Hanson & McLeod K. (2003). Transmissibility of 15-Hz to 35-Hz Vibrations to the Human Hip and Lumbar Spine: Determining the Physiologic Feasibility of Delivering Low-Level Anabolic Mechanical Stimuli to Skeletal Regions at Greatest Risk of Fracture Because of Osteoporosis. Spine, 28 (23), 2621-2627.
  • Schiessel, H. Frost H.M., Jee W.S.S. (1998). Estrogen and bone-muscle strength and mass relationships. Bone Volume 22 (1), 1-6.
  • Verschueren S., Roelants M., Delecluse R., Swinnen S., Vanderschueren, D. & Boonen S. (2004). Effects of 6-Month Whole Body Vibration Training on Hip Density, Muscle Strength, and Postural Control in Postmenopausal Women: A Randomized Controlled Pilot Study. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, 19 (3), 352-359.

7. Metabolism

  • Bonner Physical Therapy. Metabolic Study Shows Promise.
  • Frank H., Moos B., Kaufmann A. & Herber H.A. (2003). Anti Cellulite Untersuchung. Sanaderm, Fach klinik fur Hautkrankheiten, Allergologie, 1-35.
  • Mark A., MacDonald M., Rakobowchuck, M., Gordon, C., Blimkie, C. Metabolic and cardiovascular responses during whole body vibration (WBV) Exercise: a pilot study.

8. Flexibility/Mobility/Balance

  • Ishitake T., Miyazaki Y., Ando H. & Mataka T. (1999). Suppressive mechanism of gastric mobility by whole body vibration. International Arch. Occup. Environ. Health, 72, 469-474.
  • Miyamoto, K. Mori S. Tsuji S., Tanaka S., Kawamoto, M., Mashiba T., Komatsubara S., Akiyama T., Kawanishi J. & Norimatsu H. (2003). Whole body vibration exercise in the elderly people. IBMS-JSBMR Abstract P506.
  • Rauch F. & Rittweger J. (2002). What is new in neuro-musculoskeletal interactions? Journal Musculoskeletal Neuron Interact, 2 (5), 1-5.
  • Runge M. (2002). Therapiemöglichkeiten bei Harninkontinenz; überwinden des Tabu. Der Hausarzt, 2, 56-61.
  • Runge M., Rehfeld G., & Reswick E. (2000). Balance training and exercise in geriatric patients. Journal of Musculoskeletal Interactions, 1, 54-58.
  • Slavko, R., R. Hilfiker, K. Herren, L. Radlinger, and E. D. de Bruin. (2011). Effects of Whole-Body Vibration on Postural Control in the Elderly: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis, BMC Geriatrics, 11 (72). The electronic version of this article can be found online at www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2318/11/72, doi:10.1186/1471-2318-11-72.
  • Von der Heide S., Emons G., Hilgers R & Viereck V. Effect on muscles of mechanical vibrations produced y the Galileo 2000 in combination with physical therapy in treating female stress urinary incontinence.

9. General

    • Harmful consequences
    • Diemen, A. (2002). Vibration Training: Mechanisms and possible mechanisms relating to structural adaptations and acute effects.
    • Kelderman J. (2001). The Power Plate; A new application in physical therapy?
    • Kleinöder H., Ziegler J., Bosse C., Mester J. Safety considerations in vibration training. Institute of Training and Movement Science, German Sport University Cologne.
    • Stoppani, J. Shake, Rattle and Grow: The Science and Application of Vibration Training.

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